Integrated Health Psychology

Exploring the

connections between

physical and psychological

well-being

Integrated Health Psychology

Treatment Models

 

The Biopsychosocial Model of Pain

 

Currently the biopsychosocial model of pain is the most widely accepted approach to chronic pain assessment, prevention and treatment. The model provides the best foundation for tailoring the most comprehensive and integrated pain management program for each individual client.

 

The model views pain as an interaction between and within the biological, psychological and social factors unique to each individual client. The overall goal in treating a client with chronic pain conditions is improving functional capacity which involves relieving physical pain symptoms; increasing movement; alleviating psychological issues, including anxiety, depression and anger; and restoring normal day to day life activities.

 

The biopsychosocial model is cost-effective and wherever possible encourages a multidisciplinary approach that is more likely to lead to the pain sufferer regaining function and experiencing vast improvements in their quality of life.

 

The following diagram illustrates the biopsychosocial model and the multidisciplinary approach to chronic pain management.

 

Multimodal Treatment of Chronic Pain

 

Psychological interventions and therapy are ideally suited as a means of supporting the chronic pain sufferer and significantly improving and enriching their quality of life.

 

In doing this, a psychologist specialising in chronic pain works in a collaborative role with other pain specialists and allied health professionals in a multimodal and co-ordinated approach to the treatment of a person's pain condition.

 

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